Friday, November 18, 2005

Adam, Robert

Robert was the second son of William Adam, the foremost Scottish architect of his time. William, who as master mason to the Board of Ordnance in North Britain supervised the design of military buildings, also designed numerous country houses in a conservative Palladian style—the modified classic Roman style that was originally developed by the 16th-century architect

Sunday, October 16, 2005

Brugsch, Heinrich Karl

Brugsch was sent to Egypt by the Prussian government in 1853 and met there the noted French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette. He then worked in the Berlin Museum. In 1860 he was sent to Persia; in 1864 he was consul

Wednesday, July 27, 2005


Medieval Latin  Averrhoës , also called  Ibn Rushd , Arabic in full  Abu al-Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Rushd   influential Islamic religious philosopher who integrated Islamic traditions with ancient Greek thought. At the request of the Almohad caliph Abu Ya'qub Yusuf, he produced a series of summaries and commentaries on most of Aristotle's works (1169–95) and on Plato's Republic, which exerted considerable influence in

Monday, July 25, 2005

Lupton, Thomas Goff

Lupton was apprenticed

Saturday, July 23, 2005


Chinese (Wade-Giles)  Jih-k'a-tse , Pinyin  Xigazê  city in the south-central part of the Tibet autonomous ch'ü (region), China. Situated on a well-defended height (elevation 12,800 feet [3,900 m]) overlooking the confluence of two rivers in one of the most fertile valley areas of Tibet, it is the traditional capital of the area known as Hou-tsang on the Nepal border. It was formerly a small town near one of the largest monasteries in Tibet,

Friday, July 08, 2005

Furnivall, Frederick James

English literary scholar who, partly by his own efforts in textual criticism and partly by founding learned societies, especially the Early English Text Society, was instrumental in initiating a major revival in the study of medieval English literature. Though he first studied law and was called to the bar in 1849, he came to divide his

Wednesday, July 06, 2005

Charpak, Georges

Charpak's family moved from Poland to Paris when he was seven years old. During World War II Charpak served in the resistance and was imprisoned by Vichy authorities in 1943. In 1944 he was deported